PROFESSIONAL AND CONSULTING ACTIVITIES OF DR. HUGH RUDNICK (UNTIL 1999)

Dr. Rudnick has covered consulting work in the following areas of the electrical sector: restructuring policies and bylaws, planning policies, technical development, generation expansion, transmission planning, reliability, information systems, operation of electrical systems, electricity costs and tariffs, development of the regulatory market, transmission open access, tranhsmission and distribution pricing, etc.

He has developted these activities both through DICTUC at School of Engineering at Universidad Católica de Chile and independently through SYSTEP, his own consulting company.

Specific activities are indicated below.

ACTIVITIES OUTSIDE CHILE (LAST TEN YEARS)

1999 Consultant to Endesa España, Spain. Economic implications of vertical and horizontal integration in the electricity sector.

1999 Consultant to Edegel, Perú. The impact in Perú of an integrated Latinamerican energy gas and electricity market.

1999 Consultant to Etecen, Perú. The development of the transmission business in Perú.

1999 Consultant to Ian Pope Associates, United Kingdom, on contract with the Tasmania Government Department of Treasury. Creation of a competitive electricity market in a hydro dominated system.

1998-1999 Consultant to the World Bank and the Viceministry of Energy and Hydrocarburants of the Bolivian government , La Paz, Bolivia. Adaptation of the bylaw of system operation and pricing to recent developments in the Bolivian electric market.

1998-1999 Consultant to the World Bank and the Superintendencia de Electricidad and Comité Nacional de Despacho de Carga, La Paz & Cochabamba, Bolivia. Supervision of the contract on reliability analysis and related costs in the National Interconnected System

1998 Consultant to Cooperativa Rural de Electrificación, Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Evaluation of losses for tariff calculations. Development of a loss reduction plan.

1997-1998 Consultant to the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in Colombia for study for the regulatory commission (Comisión Reguladora de Electricidad y Gas). Study of transmission restriction pricing and ancillary services.

1997-1998 Consultant in Contract between CMS Corporation & Credit Suisse First Boston, New York, USA and Dictuc. Economic evaluation of the Gas Atacama gas pipeline from Argentina and the combined cycle natural gas plants. Analysis of the evolution of spot prices.

1997 Consultant to Instituto Latinoamericano y del Caribe de Planificación Económica y Social. Analysis of strategic planning schemes for the development of a country's basic structure in new competitive markets.

1997 Consultant to Comité Nacional de Despacho de Carga, Cochabamba, Bolivia. Evaluation of the bylaw on transmission pricing and proposals on methodologies to allocate transmission payments among participant agents.

1997 Consultant to Comité Nacional de Despacho de Carga, Cochabamba, Bolivia. Analysis and recommendations on capacity pricing and capacity allocation.

1995-1996 Consultant to Interconexión Eléctrica S.A. (ISA), Medellín, Colombia. Transmission tariffs and handling of system restrictions.

1995-1996 Consultant to Instituto Latinoamericano y del Caribe de Planificación Económica y Social and to Corporación Andina de Fomento. Analysis of the electric sector regulations in Chile, Peru and Venezuela.

1995-1996 Consultant to Cooperativa Rural de Electrificación, Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Evaluation of generation tariff computer models in the Bolivian electricity sector. Calculation of energy and capacity prices in the Bolivian National Interconnected System.

1995-1996 Consultant to Cooperativa Rural de Electrificación, Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Development of documents to request supply offers from generators. Design of standard contract.

1995 Consultant to Cooperativa Rural de Electrificación, Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Participation of the company in the Bolivian wholesale market. Design of strategy for development of contracts.

1993 Consultant to Interconexión Eléctrica S.A. (ISA), Medellín, Colombia. Assessment of proposals by Coopers & Lybrand on transmission pricing, objectives, models and methods.

1992-1993 Consultant to Central Puerto, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Organization of Seminar on marginal pricing in the electricity sector.

ACTIVITIES IN CHILE (LAST TEN YEARS)

1999 Consultant in contract between Nopel and Dictuc. Application of the 1998   electricity bylaws to the secure operation of the Northern Interconected System.

1999 Consultant in contract between Juan Pablo Valdivieso & Asociados and Dictuc. The 1999 blackouts in the Central Interconected System  and their implications for large industrial consumers.

1999 Consultant to Chilectra S.A. Determination of the Replacement Value of distribution installations, used for the definition of distribution tariffs.

1999 Consultant in contract between Endesa and Dictuc. Assessment of the relation between short term and long term marginal costs and their use in regulated tariffs for final consumers.

1999 Consultant in contract between Empresa Eléctrica Litoral and Dictuc. Evaluation of distribution losses and definition of actions to reduce them.

1998 Consultant to Gas Andes S.A. Chilean electricity legislation and opportunities for investment..

1998 Technical witness to the Arbitration committee between Transelec S.A. and the Gener group (companies Gener, Guacolda, Energía Verde, Eléctrica Santiago & Arauco Generación) on the open access fees to be paid by the generators of the Gener group.

1998 Consultant in contract between Dictuc and the Arbitration committee Transelec S.A. - Gener group . Numerical evaluation of the open access fees to be paid by the generators of the Gener group.

1997 Technical witness to the Santiago Civil Law Court on the Indicative Plan of the National Energy Commission. Demand between Chilgener S.A. and the National Energy Commission.

1997 Consultant to Chilgener S.A. Assessment of the 1995 Indicative Plan of the National Energy Commission.

1997 Consultant to Chilectra S.A. Subtransmission tariffs.

1997 Consultant in Contract between Transelec S.A and Dictuc. Analysis of the transmission pricing evaluation methodology developed by Transelec.

1997 Consultant in Contract between Endesa and Dictuc. Evaluation of the technical feasibility of an interconnection between the Northern Interconnected System and the Central Interconnected System. Load flow and transient stability studies.

1997 Consultant in Contract between Endesa and Dictuc. Assessment of the impact of the hydro plant Ralco and that of the Combined Cycle Natural Gas plants on the Indicative Plan of the National Energy Commission.

1997 Consultant in Contract between Chilectra S.A. and Dictuc. Determination of the added value of subtransmission.

1997 Arbiter of the Arbitration committee between Chilectra S.A.. and Colbun S.A. on the use of the Chilectra subtransmission network and the tariffs to be paid.

1996 Technical witness to the 6º Santiago Civil Law Court on the failure of the turbines of the Pehuenche plant and its economic impact, Demand between La República Insurance Company and Pehuenche.

1996 Consultant to Empresa Eléctrica Guacolda S.A. Study of the operation of the Central Interconnected System for the period 1997-2005.

1996 Consultant to Chilectra S.A. and the National Energy Commission Determination of distribution tariffs for Chile for the period 1996-2000. Evaluation of distribution added value for five distribution areas.

1996 Consultant to Compañía Minera Los Maitenes. Definition of request for supply offers.

1996 Consultant in Contract between Chilectra S.A. and Dictuc. Planning and tariffs of the Chilectra subtransmission system.

1995-1996 Technical expert to the 19º Santiago Criminal Law Court. Investigation of accident in medium voltage installations of Chilectra S.A

1995-1996 Expert named by Chilectra S.A. to testify to the National Economic Fiscal and the Antimonopolies Commission. Horizontal and vertical integration of the electricity companies.

1995-1996 Consultant to Eléctrica Santiago. Study of the impact of the first combined cycle natural gas plant Central Nueva Renca in the Central Interconnected System.

1995-1996 Consultant in Contract between Chilectra S.A and Dictuc. Quality of service and tariffs in electricity distribution in Chile.

1995 Expert named by Chilectra S.A. to the Arbitration Commission with the Superintendence of Electricity and Fuels. Determination of the Replacement Value of distribution installations.

1995 Consultant to Indepro Ingeniería Ltda. Studies for Chilgener of the transmission capacity of the Northern Interconnected System.

1995 Consultant to Del Sol Mercados Futuros Limitada. Assessment of the economic impact of two gas pipes from Argentina to the Central Interconnected Systems.

1995 Consultant to Codelco Chile. Analysis of the relation between contracts, the electricity legislation and the coordination of the operation in the Northern Interconnected System.

1995 Consultant to Centro de Investigación Minera y Metalúrgica. Power flow studies of the electrical system of the Chuquicamata mine.

1995 Consultant to CB Capitales. Assessment of the economic impact of two gas pipes from Argentina to the Central Interconnected Systems.

1995 Consultant in Contract between Transelec and Dictuc. Development of planning model and computer software for transmission planning.

1995 Consultant in Contract between Chilectra S.A and Dictuc. Development of methodological bases to determine the economically adapted subtransmission system.

1995 Consultant in Contract between Central Pangue and Dictuc. Evaluation of the advantages of hydroelectric generation.

1994 Consultant to Norgener SA. Studies of the evolution of the operation on the Northern Interconnected System.

1994 Consultant to Chilectra S.A. Assessment of consultant groups for the study on Distribution Added Value.

1994 Consultant in Contract between Transelec and Dictuc. Study of economies of scale in electrical transmission systems.

1994 Consultant in Contract between Transelec and Dictuc. Analysis of changes to the law on transmission pricing.

1994 Consultant in Contract between Endesa Generación and Dictuc. Analysis of the relation between energy spot prices and the regulated nodal prices.

1994 Consultant in Contract between Chilectra Metropolitana and Dictuc. Analysis of new interconnections between the Central Interconnected System and the subtransmission network of Chilectra.

1993-1994 Consultant in Contract between Chilectra Metropolitana and Dictuc. Study of subtransmission planning.

1993 Consultant to Chilgener. Marginal tariffs in the Argentinean electrical system.

1993 Consultant in Contract between Chilgener and Dictuc. Application of Global Investment model.

1992-1994 Consultant in Contract between National Energy Commission and Dictuc. Application of the generation tariff scheme and transmission open access in the Central Interconnected System. Calculation of short term marginal costs and penalty factors.

1992-1993 Consultant to Power Systems Research Inc. Development of contract for new models and computer programs for planning of the operation for the CDEC-SIC

1992-1993 Consultant in Contract between Endesa and Dictuc. Study of the transmission pricing scheme in the Chilean law. Definition of bases for new legislation.

1992-1993 Consultant in Contract between Chilectra Metropolitana and Dictuc. Analysis of the electricity law in relation to open access of distribution networks. Definition of evaluation bases for third party open access.

1992-1993 Consultant in Contract between CDEC-SIC (the Pool operator) and Dictuc. Definition of load shedding schemes

1992 Expert in Judicial Arbitration between Chilectra Metropolitana and Colbún S.A.- Contractual relations between a generation company and a distribution company.

1992 Consultant in Contract between Colbún S.A, U. Pontificia Comillas and Dictuc. Spot price calculations in the Central Interconnected System, Analysis of the regulatory schemes for transmission services.

1992 Consultant in Contract between Colbún S.A and Dictuc. Analysis of the penalty factors on the Central Interconnected System and problems in applications.

1991 Consultant in Contract between Endesa and Dictuc. Analysis of the transmission pricing scheme and associated problems.

1990 Consultant to Edelnor S.A. Development of power flow software including phase shifters.

1989-1990 Consultant to Codelco División Andina. Development of a computerized supervisory system for the operation of the electrical system.

1988 Consultant in Contract between Carbonífera Schwagger and Dictuc. Economic evaluation of a new thermal coal power station.

1986-1988 Consultant in Contract between Endesa and Dictuc. Identification of models and parameter estimation of Automatic Voltage Regulators.

1986-1988 Consultant in Contract between Chilectra Generación and Dictuc. Studies of reactive power control in the Interconnected Central System and development of methods and software to determine static equivalents of power systems.