PONTIFICIA UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA   DE   CHILE

ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEMS - PROF. HUGH RUDNICK

REPORTES DE ESTUDIANTES DE PREGRADO- UNDERGRADUATE STUDENT REPORTS (in Spanish)

(These documents are undergraduate student homework reports produced in 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002 , 2003 , 200420052006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 20112012, 20132014, 2015 and 2016 courses on electricity and energy markets. These reports have not been edited nor checked and may have errors. They are only included as sample information of the subject areas being covered by students in the courses) 

2016

Reports from Electricity Markets  
Respuesta de demanda a nivel de grandes clientes libres en Chile
Demand response of large consumers in Chile
Precios al carbono y financiamiento limpio
CO2 prices and clean financing
Futuro energético de Argentina y como las energías renovables pueden ser una solución
Energy future in Argentina and renewables
Costo de abatimiento de nueva energía (LACE) y costo de desarrollo de la energía (LCOE)
Cost of abatement and cost of energy
Disponibilidad de mecanismos de fomento a la inversión y apoyo al financiamiento de mini hidroeléctricas
Support for minihidro development
Prefactibilidad del proyecto de generación mareomotriz en la base del Puente Chacao
Marine energy at the Chacao bridge
Evaluación regulatoria, tecnológica y económica de la participación de agregadores en la respuesta de demanda
Aggregators in demand response
Pagos por capacidad 2.0
Capacity payments
Caso ERNC en el Norte Chico
Renewables in the north
Sistemas de almacenamiento de baterías para provisión de servicios complementarios
Batteries to provide ancillary services
Tarificación de equipos FACTS en el mercado de servicios complementarios
FACTS tariffs as ancillary services
Evaluación de costos de regulación de frecuencia
Cost of frequency regulation
Sistemas de almacenamiento energético
Energy storage
Licitaciones horarias ¿Y en la noche que?
Hourly auctions
Nueva ley de transmisión y mini hidroeléctricas
New transmission law and minihidros
Generación distribuida: Desafío para la distribución
Distributed generation: challenge for distribution
Libre competencia y barreras de entrada a los pequeños medios de generación
Competition and barriers for small generation plants
Cambios en consumo de energía a nivel residencial en Chilquinta
Changes in energy consmptuion in Chilquinta
Desarrollo del sistema de transmisión de Perú
Development of transmission in Peru
Centrales minihidráulicas modulares
Modular minihidro plants

2015
Reports from Electricity Markets  
¿Es cuestionable la aplicación de la teoría marginalista en Chile?
Marginalist theory applicable in Chile
Evolución de la matriz eléctrica en Chile, Perú, Estados Unidos y China para los próximos 4 años
Electricity matrix evolution
Energía eólica offshore
Offshore wind energy in Chile
Convenios de riego y su efecto en la operación del sistema eléctrico 
Irrigation contracts and the power system
Despacho rápido de turbinas a gas para complementar generación variable de ERNCs
Gas turnbine response to complement renewables
Análisis de opciones reales en proyectos eléctricos
Real options for electricity projects
Impacto de tecnologías de almacenamiento BESS en despacho de centrales ERNC
Impact of BESS storage technologies on renewables
Interconexiones eléctricas en Europa
Electrical interconections in Europa
Uso de líneas de distribución en configuración multitensión  para conectar energías renovables
Use of distribution lines to connect renewables
Costos de plantas termoeléctricas
Costs of thermoelectric plants
Evaluación Ambiental Estratégica para el desarrollo de lineas de transmisión complejas
Strategic environmental evaluation of complex transmission lines
El negocio de los servicios complementarios
Ancillary services
Comparación regulatoria transmisión troncal con subtransmisión, mirada desde el sector generación
Trunk transmission and zonal transmission-regulatory comparison
Eficiencia energética y subtransmisión
Zonal transmission and efficiency
Mercado del GNL en Chile
LNG market in Chile
Desarrollo del mercado ERNC según la variación de
los precios de los combustibles
 Renewables market and fuel prices
Medidas de mitigación de emisiones de CO2
CO2 emissions: mitigation measures
Mecanismos de fomento de ERNC
Mechanisms to promote renewables
Proyecto de ley de asociatividad
Community societal law project
Almacenamiento energético como apoyo a la generación distribuida
Energy storage as support for distributed generatio
Incorporacion de energias renovables a sistemas medianos de Chile
Incorporation of renewables to medium systems in Chile
Sistema híbrido para Isla de Pascua
Hibrid system for Easter Island

2014

Reports from Electricity Markets  
Normativa promoción ERNC
Regulation for the promotion of renewables
Estado del arte de la geotermia
Geothermal state of the art
Centrales de generacion IGCC
IGCC power stations
Smart grids en Chile 
Smart grids in Chile
Tarificación subtransmisión
Tariffs for sub transmission
Cogeneración de ciclo superior
Cogeneration
Interconexiones eléctricas en Sud América
South American interconnections
Mercados ERNC en Chile
Renewable markets in Chile
Expansión de la generación- beneficio social
Generation expansion- social benefit
Compensación de proyectos eléctricos
Compensation of electric projects
Hidroaysén versus plantas fotovoltaica y eólica
Hidroaysen vs PV and wind plants
Limitaciones de transmisión en desarrollo PMGDs
Transmission restrictions and small generators
Gestión de riesgo de proyectos ERNC
Risk management in renewable projects
Interconexión de varios PMGD
Interconection of several small generators
Penetración de las ERNC
Penetration of renewables
ERNCs versus ERNCs
Renewables versus renewables
Generación de energía a partir de hidrógeno
Energy generation from hydrogen
Benchmarking distribución Latam
Distribution benchmarking in Latin America
Ley 20/25: Desafíos a considerar
Challenges in renewables law

2013

Reports from Electricity Markets  
Análisis del sistema eléctrico mexicano
Mexican market analysis
¿Es suficiente la actual legislación sobre Net Metering para incentivar la generación distribuida en Chile?
Is net metering regulation enough in Chile?
Estimación del costo social de incorporar energía solar PV a gran escala en el SING Social cost of PV solar energy in SING
Bonos de carbono para mercado de distribución. ¿Aplicable? Carbon credits for distribution market: Is it applicable?
Autoconsumo de energía y gestión activa de la demanda mediante generación fotovoltaica Demand management through PV generation
Tendencias actuales de precios y tecnologías en plantas de generación fotovoltaica Photovoltaic technologies and prices
Proyecciónes del GNL en Chile LNG projections in Chile
Integración de ERNC en el SING y SIC Renewables integration in SIC and SING
El mercado de los servicios asociados a la geotermia Services for the geothermal industry
Planificación central de la transmisión del SING Central transmission planning in SING
Estimación del Precio de GNL a Largo Plazo LNG long term price projections Implementación del mercado de servicios complementarios Ancillary services implementation
Matriz energética de Chile para los años 2020, 2030 y 2050 Chilean energy matrix for 2020, 2030 & 2050 Incentivos para la disponibilidad de transmisión Incentives for transmission availability
Benchmarking de tarificación de servicios complementarios Benchmark for ancillary services remuneration Coordinación de generadores ERNC para una transmisión en común Renewable generation coordination for a common transmission
Concentración solar de potencia Concentrated solar power Mix solar-gas vs solar-carbón en el SING: ¿cuál es más eficiente?
Solat-gas or solar-coal in the SING?
Comportamiento mundial de la incorporación de energías renovables baja un esquema de 'venta a spot'
Spot sales for renewables
Incorporación de ERNC al sistema de transmisión. Caso español
Renewables & transmission in Spain

2012

Reports from Electricity Markets  
Almacenamiento de grandes bloques de energía: oportunidades para las renovables
Energy Storage-opportunity for renewables

Costos de cierre y cambios de tecnología en proyectos  de generación eléctrica
Cost of technology changes in generation projects
Mecanismo de garantías financieras eficiente para el mercado spot chileno
Financial quaranties for the Chilean spot market
Análisis funcional de entidades del sector generación, Perspectiva abastecimiento
Functional analysis of entities in the generation sector
Benchmarking en tasas de falla en transmisión
Transmission fault rate benchmarking
Efecto de la segmentación del sistema de transmisión en su desarrollo
Segmentation of the transmission sector and effects
Efectos en la operación del sistema de la incorporación de energías renovables con bajo factor de planta y alta volatilidad
Impacts in the system operation of incorporation of renewables
Estructura de funciones de un operador independiente
System operator function structure
Evolución de costos de tecnologías ERNC
Evolution of costs of renewable technologies
Is small beautiful?
Experiencia internacional en grandes proyectos eléctricos – diseño social eficiente
International experience in large projects-efficient social design
Incorporación al SIC de Energía Renovable No Convencional  con “Ley 20/20”
The 20/20 law to incorporate renewables in the SIC
Interconexión eléctrica regional
Regional electric interconection
Caso Campanario y las brechas en la regulación
The Campanario case
Tecnologías de almacenaje de energía y su factibilidad económica en Chile
Energy storage technologies and their economic feasibility in Chiler
Distribución de ingresos en subtransmisión
Subtransmission revenue distribution
Mecanismos de estabilización de precios para fuentes de energía renovables con intermitencia
Stabilizing price mechanisms for intermitent renewables
Mejoras regulatorias a los Sistemas Medianos en Chile
Regulatory improvements for Medium Systems in Chile
Mercado eléctrico argentino, ¿qué es lo que queda?
Argentina electricity market- what is left?
Modelos de previsiones de viento
Wind prediction models
Nueva definición del sistema troncal en el SING
New definition of the SING trunk system
Retail de energías verdes vs Ley 20/20
20/20 law green energy retailing
Revisión critica de los peajes en distribución (Decreto 73)
Distribution wheeling critical analysis (Decree 73)

2011

Reports from Electricity Markets  

CO2 emission calculation in the SING

 Risk management of energy supply

Technical criteria for transmission expansion Transmission business model for renewables
Transmission right of way benchmarking Feasibility of Itaipu-Santiago line
Strategies to cope with CO2 A systemic approach for a power project
Transmission tariffs for renewables Reliability of wind-hydro systems
Large consumers in the SIC The shale gas revolution
Energy price risk management instruments Forestry biomass energy in Chile

2010

Reports from Electricity Markets  
Native forest law and renewables Renewables in practic
Restoration of power supply Ancillary services
Electric vehicles-network conection Impact of distributed generation
Renewables' technologies Integration of renewables
Large wind integration SING interconection
Prepayment schemes Impact of earthquake on distribution
Reports from Energy Markets
 
Barrancones and other coal plants LNG prices in Chile-present and future
Enap and Petrobras-a critical comparison Fuel cells- an update
Geothermal heat pumps Carbon taxes
Nuclear public acceptance Mexican electricity sector
Coal plant mitigation costs Renewable supply bids
Renewable participation in energy matrix Energy efficiency costs

2009

Reports from Electricity Markets  

Photovoltaic energy in Chile 

A business model for a nuclear plant

Emmission standards for thermogeneration

Auctions/Licitaciones

Smart grid regulatory challenges

Market concentration in Chile

Energy matrix and prices

Transmission rights in Chile

Electricity demand and crisis in Chile

Environmental impacts of renewables

Electricity prices and the copper industry

The Russian electricity market

Reports from Energy Markets

 

Cogeneration in Chile
Ethanol in Chile
Copenhagen 2009 Solar plants
Energy matrix of different countries Impact of the renewables law
Carbon footprint of Argentina, Chile and Brazil Electricity in transport
Environmental studies for electric projects in Chile Tariff schemes for renewables
Profitability of electric companies  

2008 

Reports from Electricity Markets

 

Generation investment in competitive markets

Model companies for tariff regulation

Electrical investment in Chile

Strategic definitions in energy

Distribution network efficiency and renewables

The Chilean renewables law

Cost of CO2 capture-sequestration

Brazilian rationing model

Evaluation of legal changes

Public policy in energy

Indexes for security of supply

Evaluation of Chilean regulatory institutions

The Argentinean market

Evolution of generation technologies

 

Reports from Energy Markets

 

Property of generation in Chile

Demand elasticity

Horizontal integration in distribution in Chile

Water rights

Schemes to deal with risks

Evaluation of energy interconections

Energy storage

Coal generation technologies

Comparison of gas pipe regulations

Prices of fuels

 

2007

Natural gas supply

Demand response mechanisms

Facts in Chile

Hydrogen energy in Chile

Energy from the sea

The expert panel

N-1 criteria in the Chilean regulation

The challenges of Kyoto 1012

The Italian electric market

Economic feasibility of nuclear generation in Chile

2006

Subsidies for electricity

Contract auctions in Chile

Real options in electric markets

Tariffs for reactive power

Subtransmission regulation

Capacity markets

Optimum economic availability

Capacity payments through call options

Swap gas markets in Chile

Renaissance of run-of-river plants

The Bolivian market

Bio fuels in Chile

Electricity prices

GNL dispatch

The Brazilian market

Alternatives to GNL

Competition for transmission expansion

Energy rings

Bylaw for small renewable generation

2005

Compensations for non supply

The Colombian Power Exchange

Geothermal generation

The expert panel in the new law

Clean development mechanisms

Liquified Natural Gas

The Panama market

Capacity payments for renewable energies

2004

The impact of resolutions 240 and 406 in Argentina

The growth of the retail market in the new law

Carbon funds for electric projects

The Chilean electric market dependence on Argentinean gas

100 MW fuel cell generator

New developments in the Brazilian market

Transmission in the new law (ley corta)

2003

The 2001crisis in Brazil 

Chilean law changes (ley corta) 

The rol of the State as regulator in Chile 

Distributed generation 

Non regulated markets

Transmission pricing in the SING

Alternative generation

Thermoelectric plants and the market

Spanish deregulation

Market deregulation after California

2002

Energy dependence of the Chilean market 

The gas market in Latinamerica

SIC (Chile) - SADI (Argentina) interconnection

SIC-SING  interconnection

Chilean law change proposal (Ley corta)

Enron

Oasis

2001

Company ownership and contracts in Chile 

Nuclear plants in Chilean supply

Natural gas transport

International interconnections and their teachings for Chile

Natural gas distribution

Capacity payments and tariffs- international experience

The Flow Gates concept in transmission regulation

Transmission reliability

Trading in the electricity market

The PJM market organization model versus the California model

Computer tools and models for deregulated markets

2000 

Deregulated markets in Australia and New Zealand

The California Power Exchange

The Colombian power market

Costing of ancillary services

Suppliers 

Supply contracts

Large consumers in Latin America

Impact of faults in industry

Vertical integration in Chile (electricity, phones, water)

Chile-Argentina interconection

Gas networks in Latin America

1999 

 Combined Cycle Gas turbines

 Open acces tariffs in distribution networks

 Duke International in Chile and Latinamerica

 The power sector in Paraguay and Ecuador

 Development of the Nordic electric market

 Regulatory bodies in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil and Chile

 Electricity tariffs in Asia and Oceania

The Buenos Aires blackout of February 1999

 Evolution of the British market

 The Chilean Northern Interconnected System (SING)

 Financial risk in electric companies in Latinamerica

 The reform of the Spanish power market

Fines and quality of service

 Internet in the power market

 Pricing of ancillary services

  Organizations of electricity consumers

 Power sector deregulation in Mexico

 

1998

 Privatization of the electricity sector in Brazil

 Electricity markets in Africa

 Electricity markets in China

Uncertainties in the Chilean power generation business

  Northamerican electric sector deregulation

 Endesa España in Chile and Latinamerica

 Electricity markets of East Europe

 Electric equipment in Chile

 Frecuency regulation

 SIC and SING interconection

 Rural electrification in Chile

 

1997

Projection of natural gas demand

Electric generation competitivines in Chile

The Brazilian electrical energy market

Alternative pooling schemes

International electric interconections from Chile

Environment legislation and the electric sector

Electricity transmission versus gas transport

Cost of environmental restrictions for the power industry

1996

Economies of scale in generation and transmission

Ownership of electric utilities

Indicative plans as determined by the regulator

Ancillary services

Evolution of energy prices

Evolution of rates to final consumers

Financial results of electric companies .

 


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